Use of methodological search filters to identify diagnostic accuracy studies can lead to the omission of relevant studies.

TitleUse of methodological search filters to identify diagnostic accuracy studies can lead to the omission of relevant studies.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsLeeflang MM, Scholten RJ, Rutjes AW, Reitsma JB, Bossuyt PM
JournalJournal of clinical epidemiology
Volume59
Issue3
Pagination234-40
Date Published2006 Mar
ISSN0895-4356
KeywordsBiomedical Research; Databases, Bibliographic; Diagnosis; Diagnostic Errors; Evidence-Based Medicine; Humans; Information Storage and Retrieval; MEDLINE; Meta-Analysis as Topic; Sensitivity and Specificity; Subject Headings
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of methodological filters in search strategies for diagnostic studies in systematic reviews. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We made an inventory of existing methodological search filters for diagnostic accuracy studies and applied them in PubMed to a reference set derived from 27 published systematic reviews in a broad range of clinical fields. Outcome measures were the fraction of not identified relevant studies and the reduction in the number of studies to read. RESULTS: We tested 12 search filters. Of the studies included in the systematic reviews, 2%-28% did not pass the sensitive search filters, 4%-24% did not pass the accurate filters, and 39%-42% did not pass the specific filters. Decrease in number-needed-to-read when a search filter was used in a search strategy for a diagnostic systematic review varied from 0% to 77%. CONCLUSION: The use of methodological filters to identify diagnostic accuracy studies can lead to omission of a considerable number of relevant studies that would otherwise be included. When preparing a systematic review, it may be preferable to avoid using methodological filters.
DOI10.1016/j.jclinepi.2005.07.014
Alternate JournalJ Clin Epidemiol
Refereed DesignationRefereed